(Ger. Wiener Philharmoniker).
Austrian orch. founded in Vienna 1842, first cond. being Otto Nicolai 1842–8. The concerts were interrupted by the 1848 revolution. A few were given under Karl Eckert between 1854 and 1857, but a regular season of 8 concerts did not occur until 1860. Orch. soon recognized as one of world's greatest, a reputation it has maintained. Among prin. conds. after Nicolai were Dessov (1860–75), Richter (1875–98), Mahler (1898–1901), Hellmesberger (1901–3), Weingartner (1907–27), Furtwängler (1927–8), Krauss (1929–33), Furtwängler and Walter (1933–8), Furtwängler (1938–54), Karajan (1957–64), Abbado (1971–82), Lorin Maazel (1982–4). Orch. is self‐governing and plays for Vienna State Opera. Gave its first concert at Salzburg Fest. 1926 and perfs. there regularly to present day, both in the concert‐halls and the opera theatres. Many other conds., notably Karl Böhm, have been assoc. with it and have made recordings with it.