battle of Vigo Bay

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War of the Spanish Succession

George Rooke (1650—1709) naval officer

2nd duke of Ormond, James Butler (1665—1745) army officer, politician, and Jacobite conspirator

1st duke of Ormond, James Butler (1610—1688) lord lieutenant of Ireland


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In August 1702, at the outset of the War of the Spanish Succession, Sir George Rooke and the duke of Ormond led an abortive expedition against Cadiz. On the way back they received news that a large Spanish treasure fleet and its escort was harboured in Vigo Bay. On 12 October they annihilated the enemy, sinking 11 men‐of‐war and taking 10 war vessels and 11 galleons. Though most of the treasure had been landed, the gains were enormous.

Subjects: British History.

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