Vilayat-i Faqih

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Rule or guardianship by a jurist. The concept gained wide currency in the Shii world when it was used as the title of a published series of lectures given by Ayatollah Khomeini in 1969. It became the form of Islamic government in Iran when Khomeini came to power in 1979 and became the supreme arbiter of all matters of government in Iran. The concept derives from the historical understanding that the exclusive right of interpretation of Islamic law belongs to religious scholars.

Subjects: Islam.

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