An agreement between France and Austria. After the battles of Magenta and Solferino, Napoleon III and Francis Joseph met at Villafranca, where the Austrians agreed to an armistice. Austria handed Lombardy over to France, who later passed it to Sardinia (Piedmont) but retained Venetia. The rulers of the central Italian duchies were restored. Piedmont acquiesced and Cavour resigned.
Subjects: World History.