Vincˇa Culture

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Middle and late Neolithic culture of southeastern Europe, named after a type‐site on the Danube near Belgrade. The Vinča Culture succeeds the Starčevo Culture in the region. It is commonly subdivided into an earlier Vinča–Tordos Phase of the late 5th millennium bc, and a later Vinča–Pločnik Phase of the early 4th millennium bc; both are each further subdivided. Settlements are in some cases extensive open sites, such as Selevac, Serbia, while others, such as Vinča itself, are substantial tell mounds with up to 8 m of occupation. Both kinds of settlement are characterized by single‐roomed oblong buildings. Among ceramic types are bowls and jars in dark burnished ware. Decoration includes channelling of the surface. Distinctive of the culture are the figurines of the Pristina style, and the appearance in later Vinča–Pločnik levels of copper artefacts.

Subjects: Archaeology.

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