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(Skt.). The Perfection of Strenuousness, the fourth of the Six Perfections (ṣaḍ-pāramitā) that make up the central element of the Bodhisattva Path in Mahāyāna Buddhism. The cultivation of this virtue involves unselfish application and effort to benefit others, as well as self-development, often at considerable personal expense. See also vīrya.

Subjects: Buddhism.

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