(b Milan, 1906; d Rome, 1976).
It. producer, designer, and writer. Came of family with long assoc. with La Scala. Began career as stage and film dir. and went into opera because of admiration for Maria Callas, for whom he prod. La Vestale in 1954. Later he staged, for Callas, La sonnambula, La traviata, Anna Bolena, and Iphigénie en Tauride, all at La Scala. His first opera prod. outside It. was the memorable Don Carlos at CG (1958). His last opera prod. was Manon Lescaut at Spoleto, 1972. Among his protégés were the designers Sanjust and Zeffirelli. Wrote lib. for Mannino's opera Il Diavolo in giardino (Palermo 1963) and scenario of Henze's ballet Maratona (1956). Directed film of Thomas Mann's Death in Venice (1971) in which he made use of Mahler's mus. His productions were notable for their authentic period style, attention to detail and characterization, and visual taste.