Visions of 8

'Visions of 8' can also refer to...

Visions of 8

Visions of Progress: The Left-Liberal Tradition in America. By Doug Rossinow. (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008. x, 322 pp. $39.95, ISBN 978-0-8122-4049-8.)

Gene therapy using self-complementary Y733F capsid mutant AAV2/8 restores vision in a model of early onset Leber congenital amaurosis

The Reign of Terror in America: Visions of Violence from Anti-Jacobinism to Antislavery. By Rachel Hope Cleves. (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009. xvi, 296 pp. $80.00, ISBN 978-0-521-88435-8.)

Amerika renpo taisei no kakuritsu: Hamiruton to kyowasei (Alexander Hamilton and the American Republic: A vision of the federal system). By Katsuro Nakano. (Tokyo: University of Tokyo Press, 1993. iv, 304 pp. ISBN 4-13-036069-8.) In Japanese

Visions of Belonging: New England Art and the Making of American Identity. By Julia B. Rosenbaum. (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2006. xii, 203 pp. $29.95, ISBN 978-0-8014-4470-8.)

Civic Ideals: Conflicting Visions of Citizenship in U.S. History. By Rogers M. Smith. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997. x, 719 pp. $35.00, ISBN 0-300-06989-8.)

The Principles Of European Contract Law Part 3 - An Overview And Assessment / La Tercera Parte De Los Principios De Derecho Contractual Europeo: Visión De Conjunto Y Valoración, Third International Congress organised by the University of Lleida, Department of Private Law / Tercera Congreso Internacional organizado por la Universidad de Lleida, Departamento de Derecho Privado - Lleida (Spain/España)), 7–8 May / de Mayo 2004.

Visions and Revisions: Reflections on Culture and Democracy at the End of the Century. By Marcus Raskin. (Newark: Olive Branch, 1995. xvi, 341 pp. Cloth, $39.95, ISBN 1-5 66 5 6-171-X. Paper, $18.95, ISBN 1-56656-172-8.)

Visions of Paradise: Glimpses of Our Landscape's Legacy. By John Warfield Simpson. (Berkeley, Human/Nature: Biology, Culture, and Environmental History. Ed. by John P. Herron and Andrew G. Kirk. (Albuquerque and Women and Nature: Saving the “Wild” West. By Glenda Riley. (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1999. xx, 279 pp. Cloth, $60.00, ISBN 0-8032-3932-7. Paper, $24.95, ISBN 0-8032-8975-8.)


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A film of the 1972 Munich Olympics based upon ten- to twelve- minute mini-films made by eight directors from different countries, and spliced together into a single feature by the man who had the idea, Hollywood documentary producer David Wolper. The eight were Milos Forman from Czechoslovakia; Kon Ichikawa from Japan; Claude Lelouch from France; Juri Ozerov from the Soviet Union; Arthur Penn from the USA; Michael Pfleghar from Germany; John Schlesinger from the UK; and Mai Zetterling from Sweden. Wolper had planned for Visions of 10, but Italian Franco Zefferelli withdrew in objection to Rhodesia's expulsion from the Games, and Senegalese Ousman Sembene got so immersed in the fortunes of his topic, his home country's basketball team, that he never delivered his contribution. The directors toyed with many ideas for their individual contributions, Milos Forman finally focusing upon the drama of the decathlon competition, and those former athletes who now acted as officials carrying their fold-up chairs officiously and in orderly marching fashion across the field: ‘They seemed like such drones’, noted Forman, adding that ‘it is sad to see how they have gone from being athletes to functionaries’. The resulting film was a highly original departure from the usual model of official Olympic documentary, assembling distinctive interpretive angles on the meaning and the drama of the Games. It was a necessary innovation, too, in that advances in television technology in the 1960s meant that broadcasters could capture on an everyday, routine basis the drama of athletic performance and sporting competition; an official documentary needed to offer something discrete and different, and this is what Wolper's vision produced. Writer George Plimpton provided an illuminating review of the film in ‘Olympic Visions of Eight’ (Sports Illustrated, 27 August 1973).

Subjects: Sport and Leisure.

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