German family of artists. (1) Heinrich Vogtherr I trained and, for a while, collaborated with his son (2) Heinrich Vogtherr II, largely in the execution of woodcuts, for which both are best known.(1) Heinrich Vogtherr I (b Dillingen an der Donau, 1490; d Vienna, 1556). Woodcutter, draughtsman, etcher, painter, writer and publisher. Although he wrote and printed several medical books and became an eye specialist, his main career was as an artist. He may have received his training in the workshop of Hans Burgkmair I in Augsburg and may have spent some time as a journeyman with Hans Schaüfelein I. By 1513 he had returned to Dillingen. A Self-portrait (1518; see Geisberg, no. 1348) is signed hsd, a monogram reading ‘Henricus Satrapitanus Dilinganus’ (Gr. satrapes, Ger. Vogt: ‘deputy’); Satrapitanus was the name he later used as an author. From 1522 he lived in Wimpfen an der Neckar, as documented by a woodcut of Christ as Redeemer (1522), signed ‘Hainricus Vogtherr Maler zu Wimpffen’, and by frescoes of the Annunciation and Last Judgement (Wimpfen, St Mary; rest. 1869). In 1525 he moved to Strassburg (Strasbourg), where he became a citizen and member of the guild the following year. In 1536 he began a printing business, publishing chiefly medical works, some written by himself. Collaboration with the Zurich printer Christoph Froschauer (fl 1519; d 1566) documents his presence in that city and in the late 1540s he may have been in Augsburg, where his son had lived since 1541. In 1550 he was called to Vienna as painter and eye specialist at the court of the future Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I.
From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Renaissance Art.