German architect. He studied under Gärtner from whom he imbibed an affection for the Rundbogenstil. Among his buildings may be cited the Churches of St Michael, Homburg (1839–41), St Ludwig, Speier (1834–6), and the Stadtpfarrkirche, Weissenhorn (1864–9). Called to Munich by King Ludwig I of Bavaria (reigned 1825–48) in 1841, he designed the remarkably severe Glasmalerei-Anstalt (1843–6—destroyed 1945—influenced by Schinkel's Bauakademie, Berlin), the fine Neue Pinakothek (1843–5—de-stroyed 1945), several prisons (e.g. Nuremberg (1864–7) and Munich (1866–70) ), and the Glaspalast, Munich (1853–4—destroyed 1945— inspired by Paxton's Crystal Palace, London). He also designed (1851–3) a water-garden for King Maximilian II (reigned 1848–64), conservatories in the Botanic Gardens, Munich, and a huge and lavish winter-garden (1866–8— destroyed 1897) on the roof of the Residenz, Munich, for King Ludwig II (reigned 1864–86), which gained world-wide admiration.
Hütsch (1981);Mittlmeier (1977);Nerdinger (ed.) (1987);E. Roth (1971)