(orig. Aleksandr Volinin; b Moscow, 16 Sept. 1882; d Paris, 3 Jul. 1955)
Russian-French dancer and teacher. He studied at the Bolshoi Ballet School, with Tikhomirov and Gorsky, graduating into the Bolshoi Ballet in 1901 and promoted to principal in 1903. He created roles in Gorsky's Robert and Bertram (1906) and Nur and Anitra (1907), and danced all the leading male roles in the classical repertoire, unusual among Bolshoi dancers in combining strength with elegance. In 1910 he left the Bolshoi, dancing first with Diaghilev's Ballets Russes in Paris, when he created a principal role in Fokine's Les Orientales, and then touring with Lydia Lopokova (1910–11) in America, also appearing with her in Gertrude Hoffmann's Ballets Russes at the Winter Garden Theater in New York (1911). He then joined Mordkin's All-Star Imperial Russian Ballet (1911–12), after which he partnered Adeline Genée on tour to America, Australia, and New Zealand (1912–13); then partnered Lydia Kyasht at the Empire Theatre in London in 1913. From 1914 to 1925 he partnered Pavlova on various world tours, creating the role of the Young Poet in her Autumn Leaves (1919). In 1926, having retired from the stage, he opened a school in Paris, where his students famously included Babilée, Eglevsky, Jeanmaire, and Lichine. In 1946 he staged Giselle for the Royal Danish Ballet.