(b Neu-Isenburg, 31 March 1899; d Darmstadt, 5 Dec 1965). German tenor. Discovered by Clemens Krauss, he studied singing at Frankfurt and in 1926 was engaged at the opera there, making his début as Florestan. In 1931 he moved to Vienna, in 1935 to Berlin, and in 1945 to Munich, where he remained until 1952. He also sang at the festivals at Salzburg (from 1931) and Bayreuth (from 1933). He sang Florestan and Siegmund at Covent Garden in 1934, and returned for Siegmund in 1937. Admired also as Lohengrin, Don Carlos and Radames, he had in his prime the flexibility for lighter, more lyrical roles, such as Ferrando; he appeared with distinction as Max (Der Freischutz) and the Emperor (Die Frau ohne Schatten) and, late in his career, Otello and Canio.
From The Grove Book of Opera Singers in Oxford Reference.