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In Roman mythology, the god of fire; equivalent of the Greek Hephaestus. His lameness, and his betrayal by his wife Venus for Mars, are both subjects for literary allusion; he is also taken as the type of a blacksmith or metalworker.

Vulcanist a supporter of the theory (now accepted) that rocks such as granite were formed by solidification from the molten state, as proposed by the Scottish geologist James Hutton and others, rather than by precipitation from the sea.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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