Peleg Wadsworth


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(1748–1829) Revolutionary militia officer and congressman. Born in Duxbury, Massachusetts, Peleg Wadsworth graduated from Harvard in 1769. As captain of a company of militiamen he responded immediately to news of the Battle of Lexington (1775), joining forces in Boston assisting in the fortification of Dorchester Heights. He took part in the campaigns around New York with George Washington in 1776 and in John Sullivan's expedition to Rhode Island in 1778. Wadsworth became adjutant general of Massachusetts militia in 1778 and a brigadier general the next year. He was involved in the disastrous expedition to Penobscot Bay, and took command of the eastern militia department of Massachusetts in 1780. He was captured by a British raiding party the next year, but escaped after a few months confinement in Fort George. After the war he served in the state legislature before beginning a tenure of seven terms in Congress. In 1807 he moved to what is now Maine and established the town of Hiram, where he eventually died.

From The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Warfare and Defence.

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