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Fuad I (1868—1936)

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Egyptian nationalist party. Under the leadership of Zaghlul Pasha it demanded freedom from British rule. When Egypt won nominal independence in 1922, the Wafd demanded full autonomy and control of the Sudan and the Suez Canal. After 1924 there were frequent Wafdist governments, in conflict with the monarchy. In 1930 the constitution was suspended and Egypt became a royal dictatorship until the Wafdists succeeded in restoring the constitution in 1935. In 1950 the Wafd formed a one‐party cabinet and the struggle between King Farouk and his government intensified. The monarchy fell in 1952 and the new Revolutionary Command Council under Colonel Gamal Nasser dissolved all political parties.

Subjects: World History — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

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