(b Seelze, nr. Hanover, 1826; d Würzburg, 1894).
Ger. soprano. Illegitimate child of army officer and singer, adopted by R. Wagner's brother. Engaged at Dresden, where Wagner was cond., 1843. Created role of Elisabeth in Tannhäuser 1845. Sang in Berlin 1850–62, then lost v. but became actress. London début 1856. Resumed singing in 1870s. Sang alto part in Beethoven's 9th Sym. at Bayreuth stone‐laying ceremony 1872. Created Schwertleite in Die Walküre and First Norn in Götterdämmerung, 1876. Taught in Munich 1882–4.