i.e. ‘Walafrid the Squinter’, poet and biblical exegete. He studied under Rabanus Maurus, became tutor to the Emperor's son Charles (the future Charles the Bald) in 829, and in 839 abbot of Reichenau. His works include a poem on gardening, saints' Lives in verse and prose, and a liturgical treatise, De Exordiis. He abridged Rabanus' commentaries on the Pentateuch and perhaps commented on the Psalms and Catholic Epistles, but the belief that he wrote the ‘Glossa Ordinaria’ to the Bible is unfounded.