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Princedom of Wales


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Kingdom of Gwynedd

Princedom of Wales

Notes

Chronology

Some early dates may vary by a year or so (see Lloyd).

Maund, K., The Welsh Kings (Stroud, 2000).Lloyd, J. E., A History of Wales (3rd edn., 2 vols., London, 1939).

825–844

Merfyn the Freckled (son of Gwriad; king or chief of Gwynedd 825)

844–878

Rhodri I, the Great (son)

878–916

Anarawd (son)

916–942

Idwal the Bald (son)

942–950

Hywel I, the Good (grandson of Rhodri I; king of Deheubarth)

950–979

Iago I (son of Idwal; deposed)

979–985

Hywel II (nephew)

985–986

Cadwallon (brother)

986–999

Maredudd I (grandson of Hywel I; king of Deheubarth)

999–1005

Cynan I (son of Hywel II)

1005–1023

Llywelyn I (son-in-law of Maredudd; king of Deheubarth)

1023–1039

Iago II (great-grandson of Idwal)

1039–1063

Gruffydd I (son of Llywelyn I; king of Deheubarth; rule by Powys, then Arwystli1063–81

1081–1137

Gruffydd II (grandson of Iago II)

1137–1170

Owain (son)

1170–1174

Cynan II (son)

1174–1194

David I (brother; east Gwynedd; deposed, died 1203)

1174–1195

Rhodri II (brother; west Gwynedd)

1200–1202

Maredudd II (brother; south Gwynedd; deposed, died 1212)

1194–1240

Llywelyn II (reunited Gwynedd 1202)

1174–1200

Gruffydd III (son of Cynan II; south Gwynedd)

1194–1240

Llywelyn II, the Great (grandson of Owain; reunited Gwynedd)

1240–1246

David II (son)

1246–1282

Llywelyn III, the Last (nephew; assumed the title prince of Wales 1258)

1282–1283

David III (brother; English conquest of the princedom 1283)

Subjects: History.


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