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wall


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Structure of stone, brick, etc., serving to enclose a room, house, or other space, and, in most cases, load-bearing, i.e. supporting the floors, roof, etc. It may also be a screen-wall for privacy or enclosure. Types of wall include:cavity:with an air-gap between two leaves to improve insulation and prevent water-penetration; crinkle-crankle: See crinkle-crankle;hollow:as cavity above, but see brick;partition:wall dividing a space, not usually load-bearing;party:between adjoining properties, usually load-bearing and fire-resistant;retaining:prevents earth from slipping, so used in gardens and in excavations;springing:buttress;sustaining:load-bearing or retaining wall, unlike one serving merely as a partition or screen.

cavity:with an air-gap between two leaves to improve insulation and prevent water-penetration; crinkle-crankle: See crinkle-crankle;

hollow:as cavity above, but see brick;

partition:wall dividing a space, not usually load-bearing;

party:between adjoining properties, usually load-bearing and fire-resistant;

retaining:prevents earth from slipping, so used in gardens and in excavations;

springing:buttress;

sustaining:load-bearing or retaining wall, unlike one serving merely as a partition or screen.

W. McKay (1957)

Subjects: Architecture — Biblical Studies.


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