MP and parliamentary general during the Civil War. Educated at Magdalen Hall, Oxford, and Gray's Inn, Waller saw military service on the continent during the Thirty Years War. He was elected to the Long Parliament, commissioned colonel under Essex, and later major‐general for the region around Gloucester. Emboldened by early military successes, he became a critic of Essex's leadership, but his own reputation suffered with his defeats at Roundway Down (July 1643) and Cropredy Bridge (June 1644). His nickname ‘William the Conqueror’ was turned against him.
Subjects: British History.