An Old English poem of 115 lines in the Exeter Book, telling of the hardships of a man who has lost his lord. It is a plangent lament for the transience of life, culminating towards its end in a powerful ‘Ubi sunt’ passage. It begins and ends with a brief and bald statement of Christian consolation. It is paralleled in spirit and structure by the Seafarer. The poem was admired by Auden, among other modern poets, and he translated it loosely.