rose to be bishop of Gloucester in 1759. He was much engaged in theological controversy, writing with vigour and arrogance. He was author of The Divine Legation of Moses (1738–41), A View of Lord Bolingbroke's Philosophy (1754), attacking Bolingbroke's views on natural religion, and The Doctrine of Grace (1762), attacking the ‘enthusiasm’ of Wesley. He brought out in 1747 an edition of Shakespeare in 8 volumes which was sharply criticized as unscholarly, and in 1751 an edition of Pope's works. He was Pope's literary executor, and is said to have encouraged him in the composition of The New Dunciad.
Subjects: Philosophy — Literature.