Established at the end of World War II with jurisdiction to try and punish those who allegedly committed war crimes while acting in the interests of the European Axis countries or Japan. More recently, under Chapter VII of the UN Charter, the UN Security Council has set up ad hoc war crimes tribunals in relation to the conflicts in the former Yugoslavia (1993) and Rwanda (1994). See also International Criminal Court.
The War Crimes Act 1991 gives jurisdiction to UK courts to try those charged with war crimes committed in German‐held territory during World War II, irrespective of the accused's nationality at the time. Prosecutions may be brought with the consent of the Attorney‐General for homicide offences.