(1727–1800) American army officer. Born in Shrewsbury, Massachusetts, in 1727, Artemas Ward attended Harvard College and was soon elected to the colonial general assembly. He served in the militia during the French and Indian War (1754–63), rising to the rank of lieutenant colonel. With the coming of the Revolutionary War, Ward was appointed brigadier general by the Massachusetts Provincial Congress (October 27, 1774) and nominally commanded American forces in the Battle of Bunker Hill. He served for a brief time as Gen. George Washington's second-in-command, but had to resign his commission due to ill health. He subsequently served in the U.S. Congress (1791–1795) and died in 1800.
From The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Warfare and Defence.