New Zealand statesman. A minister of the first and successive Liberal cabinets, he provided low‐interest credit to farmers. As Prime Minister (1906–12) and in coalition with William Massey (1915–19) he supported empire unity. He won office as Prime Minister again in 1928 as head of the United Party, partly on his reputation as a ‘financial wizard’, but failed to solve the crises brought on by the Great Depression.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).