A Danish botanist whose work laid the foundations for and greatly stimulated the study of modern plant ecology. He maintained that plant communities should be studied in relation to their surroundings and developed a basis for their classification. This view was expounded in his book Plantesamfund (1895, published in English in 1925 as Oecology of Plants). From 1882 to 1885 he was professor of botany at the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm and from 1885 to 1911 professor of botany and director of the botanical gardens at Copenhagen.
Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry — Ecology and Conservation.