Philip Warwick

(1609—1683) politician and historian

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Philip Warwick was born in London on 24 December 1609 and died there on 15 January 1683. He was educated at Eton. Warwick was secretary to Lord Goring and later, in 1636, secretary to Lord Treasurer Juxon. In 1638 he was admitted to Gray's Inn and in 1639 he was created Bachelor of Law by Oxford University. He was Royalist MP for Radnor until a vote of the Commons in 1644 deprived him of his seat for serving in the king's army. Charles I employed him on various military missions, and in 1646 he negotiated with Fairfax the terms of capitulation of the Royalist stronghold at Oxford. He became quite close to Charles I and was appalled by his trial and execution. But instead of joining the exiled court of Charles II in France, Warwick remained in England during the Protectorate. He occasionally aided Royalist activities but seems not to have been involved in any of the Royalist plots. In 1660 he was knighted by Charles II for services rendered to his father and himself. In 1661 he was returned as MP for Westminster and became secretary to the Lord High Treasurer, the Earl of Southampton. With Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon's agreement, Warwick was left to run the office alone, which he did very successfully until his tenure ended with Southampton's death in 1667. He was rewarded with land in St James's and the relatively small office of Collector of Customs on Woollen Cloth. As an MP, Warwick regularly supported the government except on two matters: he was resolutely opposed to any indulgence or ‘comprehension’ for dissenters; and he supported war with France in 1668. The former was motivated by his passionate attachment to the Anglican Church; the latter by his fear of growing French power.


From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Philosophy.

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