James Dewey Watson

(b. 1928) American biologist

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Francis Crick (1916—2004) molecular biologist


Maurice Hugh Frederick Wilkins (1916—2004) molecular biologist

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(1928– )

US biochemist, who moved to the Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge, in 1951 to study the structure of DNA. In 1953 he and Francis Crick announced the now accepted two-stranded helical structure for the DNA molecule. In 1962 they shared the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine with Maurice Wilkins (1916–2004), who with Rosalind Franklin (1920–58) had made X-ray diffraction studies of DNA.

Subjects: Biological Sciences.

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