Medieval timber-framed dwelling type found mainly in the South-East of England, and named after the Weald, a district, once forested, between the North and South Downs. It consists of an open hall the full height of the structure with a two-storey bay on each side of the hall, having a single roof in one direction over the whole, the ridge of the pitched roof (sometimes hipped) following the length. The upper floors of the end-bays project on jetties on the front elevation, but the eaves are continuous, so that part of the roof over the set-back hall wall rests on a flying wall-plate supported on diagonal (often curved) braces in line with the front of the jettied first-floor wall. A single-ended or half-Wealden house is similar, but has only one jettied bay.
Alcock, Barley, Dixon, & Meeson (1996);Brunskill (1987, 1994, 2000)
Diagram of Wealden house. The central hall is the full height of the structure, and the two bays at each end have two storeys. The position of the stair can vary.
Exploded diagram of Wealden house, showing the timber-framed structure (RAM,ABDM,CBA).