(Stuttgart, 1584–1653, London), the son of an ennobled court official in Württemberg. His education, which prepared him for service at court, included the study of law in Tübingen. After entering the service of the Dukes of Württemberg in 1606, he worked as a diplomat in France and England. He returned to the Stuttgart court where in 1616 he gained a position as secretary and historiographer, and in the same year married Elizabeth Raworth, daughter of the mayor of Dover. With the outbreak of the Thirty Years War (see Drei-ssigjähriger Krieg) he returned to England in 1619, leaving Württemberg service in 1622 to enter the service of the exiled Elector Palatine, Friedrich V, before taking office in 1626 in the British civil service. During the civil war he took the side of Parliament, but after the execution of Charles I resigned his post and was succeeded by John Milton.
From The Oxford Companion to German Literature in Oxford Reference.