(b Lincoln, Nebr., 22 Jul. 1901; d New York, 16 Jul. 1975)
US dancer, choreographer, and teacher. He studied with E. Frampton, T. Koslov, and at Denishawn and after dancing in Shawn's Broadway show, Xochitl, and briefly with Graham in 1921, he joined Denishawn. He toured widely with the company until 1927 when he and Humphrey left to form their own school and company which lasted until 1945. The works he choreographed for this, such as And Daddy Was a Fireman Too (1943) often dealt with American social themes and featured his distinctive satirical wit. He also collaborated with Humphrey on several works, including New Dance (1935), and choreographed for Broadway. In 1945 he founded his own school and in 1948 his own company for which he choreographed many more works, including A House Divided (about Lincoln, 1945), Fables for Our Time (after Thurber, 1947), and Is Sex Necessary? (1959). He later choreographed for New York City Opera and for various drama productions as well as teaching in New York and California. In 1960 he founded the Expression of Two Arts Theater in New York with the sculptor Mikhail Santaro where he taught and gave regular concerts until his death. Limón and Bob Fosse were among his pupils.