An infectious disease caused by bacteria belonging to the genus Leptespiro. Stagnant water may be contaminated with this bacterium from rat or cattle urine. The disease begins with influenza-like symptoms 7–12 days after exposure. Complications, such as internal haemorrhaging, and inflammation of the liver and meninges, can be prevented by early diagnosis and treatment with penicillin, erythromycin, or tetracycline. Participants of inland water sports (e.g. canoeists) should minimize the risk of catching the disease by covering cuts before immersion and taking showers afterwards. They should also inform their doctors of the risk.
Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.