(b Toronto, 1913; d Toronto, 2006).
Canadian composer. Prof. of comp., Toronto Royal Cons. 1939–43, 1945–60, and at Toronto Univ. 1952–78. Co‐founder, Canadian League of Composers, 1951. First Canadian to use 12‐note procedures. Wrote mus. for films and radio in addition to sym. (1940); vn. conc. (1955); 4 Divertimenti; hp. conc.; pf. conc.; vn. sonata; vc. sonata; pf. suites; 3 str. qts.; Around the stage in 25 minutes during which a number of instruments are struck, for 1 percussionist (1970); 12 Divertimenti, orch. (1945–89); Cadenza, cl. (1986); What's That? ch. (1986); Belaria, vn., va., vc. (1992); Parodies and Travesties, mus. th. for sop., mez., pf. (1995); Netscapes, pf. (2000); and Prologue to a Tango, mez., 4 vn. (2002).