Is the UK Labour government's policy for reducing long-term unemployment. According to legal scholars, Paul Davies and Mark Freedland, the policy has three main components. The first is to increase the conditionality of cash benefits, in order to discourage workers from relying on state handouts and direct them back into the labour market. Conditionality often takes the form of undergoing training or formulating an action plan with a state official that sets out steps to return to the labour market (see incapacity benefit, jobseekers, and New Deal). The second is ‘making work pay’; that is increasing the attractiveness of paid work so that workers will voluntarily enter the labour market to find work. Two policies have been key in this regard, the creation of the National Minimum Wage and the establishment of a series of tax credits, essentially in-work benefit payments targeted at the low-paid and particularly low-paid workers with families. The final element is removing the barriers to paid employment, which includes legislating against discrimination in the fields of age and disability and strengthening the rights of parents and carers to flexible working. Although Welfare-to-Work is a British policy, it reflects an international movement. The UK government was influenced by policy in the United States and Welfare-to-Work embodies many of the recommendations of the OECD's Job Strategy. Recent developments in the European Union and the European Employment Strategy, in particular, are also based on the same set of principles and policy ideas.
Subjects: Human Resource Management.