(1737–1820), colonial governor. A scion of the most prominent family in colonial New Hampshire, John Wentworth, because of his natural abilities and family connections, became its governor at age 30. When faced with rebellion, he sought compromise and to keep New Hampshire loyal. He was the last royal governor to leave his post and would be the only one to secure another governorship. He became lieutenant-governor of Nova Scotia in 1792; a knighthood followed in 1795. Wentworth would be governor for 16 years. When he arrived the colony was paralyzed by feuding between the old inhabitants and the Loyalists, was so far in debt it could not pay its bills, and was losing Loyalists in large numbers. Under his energetic governorship, Nova Scotians gained a sense of themselves as a people and a loyalty to their land that has remained one of their most distinguishing and enduring characteristics. Government House in Halifax remains a fine architectural testimony to his governorship and that of his fashionable wife, Frances.
From The Oxford Companion to Canadian History in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: History of the Americas.