(b Vingen, 11 Feb. 1855; d Oslo, 23 Nov. 1938).
Norwegian painter, printmaker, and illustrator. He was one of the leading personalities in Norwegian art, the friend of numerous writers and intellectuals and a symbol of national culture. His work included landscapes, in which he showed an affectionate yet unsentimental approach to his native land, portraits of many of the leading Norwegians of his day (Henrik Ibsen, 1895, NG, Oslo), lithographs, etchings, and book illustrations. After the turn of the century he was influenced by Cézanne.