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Western Front


'Western Front' can also refer to...

Adjusting to the Western Front: January 1915–Spring 1916

Alkaline Lavas in the Volcanic Front of the Western Mexican Volcanic Belt: Geology and Petrology of the Ayutla and Tapalpa Volcanic Fields

All Quiet on the Western Front

All Quiet on the Western Front

All Quiet on the Western Front

All Quiet on the Western Front, E. M. Remarque (translated by A. W. Wheen), London and New York, Little Brown and Company, 1995 (reprinted)

Barbara Skinner. The Western Front of the Eastern Church: Uniate and Orthodox Conflict in Eighteenth-Century Poland, Ukraine, Belarus, and Russia.

Before My Helpless Sight: Suffering, Dying and Military Medicine on the Western Front, 1914–1918

Beyond the Ration: Sharing and Scrounging on the Western Front

The British Army, French Farmers and the War on the Western Front 1914–1918+

British Generalship on the Western Front, 1914–18: Defeat into Victory

Building the Medical Machine: the Western Front, 1914–June 1916

Enhancement of microplankton respiratory activity in the Almería-Oran Front (Western Mediterranean Sea)

The Final Battle: Soldiers of the Western Front and the German Revolution of 1918

From the Climax of the Crisis to the First Indications of a Stabilization of the Western Front

The German Spring Reprisals of 1917: Prisoners of War and the Violence of the Western Front*

Germany's Western Front: Translations from the German Official History of the Great War. Volume II: 1915, ed. Mark Osborne Humphries and John Maker

Great War, Total War: Combat and Mobilization on the Western Front, 1914–1918

Guoqi XuStrangers on the Western Front: Chinese Workers in the Great War. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 2011. Pp. viii, 336. $39.95

Hugh Kingsmill on the Western Front

Jonathan Boff. Winning and Losing on the Western Front: The British Third Army and the Defeat of Germany in 1918.

The machine in Motion: the Western Front, July 1916–November 1918

Paddy Griffith. Battle Tactics of the Western Front: The British Army's Art of Attack, 1916–18. New Haven: Yale University Press. 1994. Pp. xvi, 286. $30.00

Phillip Dehne. On the Far Western Front: Britain's First World War in South America. New York: Manchester University Press. 2009. Pp. xiii, 280. $89.95

Roy A. Prete. Strategy and Command: The Anglo-French Coalition on the Western Front, 1914. Ithaca, N.Y.: McGill-Queen's University Press. 2009. Pp. xvii, 299. $75.00

Scott Stephenson. The Final Battle: Soldiers on the Western Front and the German Revolution of 1918. (Studies in the Social and Cultural History of Modern Warfare.) New York: Cambridge University Press. 2009. Pp. xvi, 354. $99.00

Shorter note. Lionel Sotheby's Great War: Diaries and Letters from the Western Front. Donald C Richter

Strategy and command. The Anglo-French coalition on the Western Front, 1914

Strategy and Command: The Anglo-French Coalition on the Western Front, 1914, by Roy A. Prete

Survivors of a Kind: Memoirs of the Western Front

 

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Quick Reference

The line of fighting in World War I that stretched from the Vosges mountains through Amiens in France to Ostend in Belgium. Fighting in World War I began in August 1914 when German forces, adopting the Schlieffen Plan to fight on two fronts by first swiftly neutralizing France, were checked in the first Battle of the Marne. The subsequent German attempt to reach the Channel ports was defeated in the first Battle of Ypres (12 October–11 November). Thereafter both sides settled down to trench warfare, the distinctive feature of fighting on this front. The year 1915 saw inconclusive battles with heavy casualties: Neuve Chapelle (March), the second Battle of Ypres (April/May), when poison gas was used for the first time, and Loos (September). In 1916 Germany's heavy attack on Verdun nearly destroyed the French army but failed to secure a breakthrough. To relieve pressure on the French, the British bore the brunt of the Somme offensive (July), gaining little ground and suffering appalling casualties. Early in 1917 the Germans withdrew to a new set of prepared trenches, the Siegfried Line (or Hindenburg Line), and in 1917 the Canadians captured Vimy Ridge. In November the British launched yet another major offensive, the Battle of Passchendaele (or third Battle of Ypres), and lost 300,000. The entry of the USA into the war (1917) meant that the Allies could draw on its considerable resources. US troops commanded by General Pershing landed in France in June 1917. In March 1918 Ludendorff's final offensive began, with his troops again reaching the Marne before being stemmed by US forces at Château‐Thierry. Foch, now Allied commander‐in‐chief, began the counter‐offensive with the third Battle of the Marne (July). British troops broke the Siegfried Line near St Quentin, while the Americans attacked through the Argonne region. By October Germany's resources were exhausted and on 11 November Germany signed the armistice that marked the end of World War I.

Subjects: military history.


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