Federation of the West Indies

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Gerry Adams (b. 1948)


'Federation of the West Indies' can also refer to...

West Indies, Federation of the (1958–62)

West Indies, Federation of the (1958–62)

Adams, Sir Grantley Herbert (1898-1971), prime minister of the Federation of the West Indies

Hepburn, Patrick George Thomas Buchan-, Baron Hailes (1901-1974), politician and governor-general of the Federation of the West Indies

RENNIE, Alfred (Baillie) (1896 - 1987), formerly a Federal Justice of the West Indies Federation (1958–62)

ROGER, Alexander (1878 - 1961), Hon. President: British Insulated Callender’s Cables, Ltd; Automatic Telephone & Electric Co. Ltd; formerly Deputy Chairman of the Midland Bank Ltd (retired, 1959); Chairman Telephone and General Trust Ltd, and several Telephone operating companies in Portugal and the West Indies until 1960; Vice-President Federation of British Industries; Vice-President Anglo-Portuguese Society

DAVSON, Edward (died 1937), Chairman British Empire Producers’ Organisation; Representative of the Colonies and Protectorates on Imperial Economic Committee; member of Colonial Development Committee; Vice-Chairman Barclay’s Bank (DC and O); a Trustee of the Imperial Institute; a Governor of the Imperial College of Tropical Agriculture; Government Adviser on Colonial Trade to the Ottawa Conference, 1932, and Economic Conference, London, 1933; Chairman Federation of Chambers of Commerce of the British Empire, 1925–28 (Cape Town Congress, 1928); Chairman West Indies Conference, 1929; President Associated West Indian Chambers of Commerce, 1916–26; Member of the Empire Marketing Board, 1926–33 (Mission to West Africa, 1926, to East Africa, 1927)


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An attempt to create a self‐governing federal state consisting of the ten British colonies of the West Indies. Under the assumption that each of these islands or group of islands was too small to become independent on its own, plans and campaigns for the creation of a federation emerged in the 1920s and were discussed with greater urgency after World War II. After eleven years of extensive negotiations, the Federation finally came into being. It consisted of the larger colonies of Trinidad and Tobago and Jamaica, as well as the colonies of Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Montserrat, St Christopher (Kitts), Nevis, Anguilla, St Lucia, and St Vincent and the Grenadines. Led by the former Prime Minister of Barbados, Adams, the Federation enjoyed considerable support amongst popular and intellectual circles. However, it was wrecked by the ambitions of the oppositional movements in Trinidad and Tobago and Jamaica, which successfully sought to increase their own popularity through appeals to patriotism. The two island states were released into independence in 1962, which wrecked the Federation. The other eight territories resumed closer ties with Britain as semi‐colonial ‘associated states’. All of them (except Anguilla and Montserrat) gained full independence by 1980.

Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

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