treaty of Westminster

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Anglo-Dutch wars

Oliver Cromwell (1599—1658) lord protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland

Navigation Acts


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Though the Dutch had suffered more during the first Anglo‐Dutch War, the treaty which concluded it was mild, since Cromwell was anxious to bring to an end this damaging quarrel between two protestant nations. The English Navigation Act of 1651 remained on the statute book and the Estates of Holland agreed to exclude the house of Orange from public life, thus removing a potential source of assistance to the Stuarts in exile.

Subjects: British History.

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