Westminster Abbey

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St Edward the Confessor (c. 1005—1066) king of England

St Dunstan (c. 909—988) archbishop of Canterbury

Sir Christopher Wren (1632—1723) architect, mathematician, and astronomer

Bede (c. 673—735) monk, historian, and theologian

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An Additional Incunabulum in Westminster Abbey Library

BEECHING, Henry Charles (1859 - 1919), Dean of Norwich since 1911; Canon of Westminster Abbey, 1902–11; Preacher to the Hon. Society of Lincoln’s Inn, 1904–12; Examining Chaplain to the Bishop of Carlisle, 1905–11

BRIDGE, Frederick (1844 - 1924), Fellow, Royal College of Music, 1921; King Edward Professor of Music, London University, since 1902; Organist Westminster Abbey, 1875–1918; retired with title Emeritus-Organist of Westminster Abbey; Gresham Professor of Music from 1890; Conductor Royal Choral Society, 1896–1922

BRYANT, Arthur (1899 - 1985), Council, Society of Authors; Royal Literary Fund; Trustee: Historic Churches Preservation Trust; English Folk Music Fund; Member, Architectural Advisory Panel, Westminster Abbey; President, Friends of the Vale of Aylesbury

BURDEN, David Leslie (born 1943), Chapter Clerk and Receiver General, Westminster Abbey, 1999–2008

BURTON, John Michael (born 1945), Principal Partner, Purcell LLP (formerly Purcell Miller Tritton), Architects, since 1978; Surveyor to the Fabric, Canterbury Cathedral, since 1990; Surveyor of the Fabric of Westminster Abbey, 1999–2012

BUTTRESS, Donald Reeve (born 1932), architect; Partner, Buttress Fuller Alsop Williams, Manchester, 1974–2007; Surveyor of the Fabric of Westminster Abbey, 1988–99, now Surveyor Emeritus

CARNEGIE, William Hartley (1860 - 1936), Rector of St Margaret and Canon of Westminster since 1913; Sub-dean of Westminster Abbey, 1919

CHARLES, Sebastian (1932 - 1989), Residentiary Canon, Westminster Abbey, since 1978; Steward since 1978, also Treasurer since 1982; Director, Inner City Aid, since 1987

Clare, Osbert of (d. in or after 1158), prior of Westminster Abbey and ecclesiastical writer

Did Haydn attend the Handel Commemoration in Westminster Abbey?

DONALDSON, Frederic Lewis (1860 - 1953), Canon of Westminster, 1924–51, Emeritus since 1951, Sub-Dean, 1944–51, Steward, 1927, Treasurer, 1931, and Receiver-General of the Abbey, 1938

DYKES BOWER, S(tephen) E(rnest) (1903 - 1994), Surveyor of the Fabric of Westminster Abbey, 1951–73, then Emeritus; Consulting Architect, Carlisle Cathedral, 1947–75

Flete, John (c. 1398-1466), prior and historian of Westminster Abbey

FOSTER, (John) Peter (1919 - 2010), Surveyor of the Fabric of Westminster Abbey, 1973–88, then Emeritus

From the war to Westminster Abbey: the BBC and the empire, 1939–53

GRAY, Dr Donald Clifford (born 1930), Canon of Westminster and Rector of St Margaret’s, Westminster Abbey, 1987–98, Canon Emeritus, since 1998; Chaplain to HM The Queen, 1982–2000; Chaplain to the Speaker, House of Commons, 1987–98

GUEST, Douglas Albert (1916 - 1996), Organist Emeritus, Westminster Abbey, since 1981

HEDGES, Jane Barbara (born 1955), Canon Steward, since 2006, and Archdeacon, 2006–09 and since 2011, Westminster Abbey

HERBERT, Sidney (1890 - 1939), MP (U) Abbey Division of Westminster since 1932

HUDSON-WILKIN, Rose Josephine (born 1961), Vicar, Holy Trinity, Dalston and All Saints, Haggerston, since 1998; Chaplain to the Queen, since 2008; Chaplain to the Speaker of the House of Commons, and Priest Vicar, Westminster Abbey, since 2010; Prebendary, St Paul’s Cathedral, since 2013

HUTT, David Handley (born 1938), Canon, 1995–2005, now Emeritus, and Archdeacon, 1999–2005, of Westminster; Steward, 1995–2005, and Sub-Dean, 1999–2005, Westminster Abbey

King Henry III and the Cosmati Work at Westminster Abbey

LAMPORT, Stephen (Mark Jeffrey) (born 1951), DL; Chapter Clerk and Receiver General, Westminster Abbey, since 2008

Luce, Richard Napier (born 1936), DL; Lord Chamberlain of HM Household, 2000–06; a Permanent Lord in Waiting to the Queen, since 2007; High Steward of Westminster Abbey, since 2011

MacMICHAEL, Nicholas Hugh (1933 - 1985), Keeper of the Muniments of Westminster Abbey since 1967

MANSEL, James Seymour Denis (1907 - 1995), Extra Chaplain to the Queen, since 1979; Priest Vicar, Westminster Abbey, 1983–88, then Emeritus

McKIE, William Neil (1901 - 1984), Hon. Secretary, Royal College of Organists, 1963–67; Hon. Fellow, Worcester College, Oxford, 1954; Organist and Master of the Choristers, Westminster Abbey, 1941–63 (on leave of absence, 1941–45, during war service, RAF, Volunteer Reserve)

MIDDLETON, Michael John (born 1940), Canon of Westminster, 1997–2004, now Canon Emeritus; Treasurer, 1997–2004, and Almoner, 2000–04, Westminster Abbey

NEARY, Martin Gerard James (born 1940), conductor and organist; Organist and Master of the Choristers, Westminster Abbey, 1988–98; Conductor, Millennium Consort Singers, since 2007


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Has been the setting for the coronation of English monarchs since 1066, when William the Conqueror was crowned in the new church of Edward the Confessor, perhaps to underline continuity; from Henry III to George II sixteen monarchs were buried there. The present abbey was begun by Henry III in 1245 and was much influenced by contemporary French styles: it is the highest of great English medieval churches and therefore seems narrow. The body of Edward the Confessor was moved there in 1269.

The abbey's close connection with the monarchy saved it from the fate of most other abbeys at the Reformation. Though it suffered from the iconoclasts of the 1640s, its prestige helped it during the Commonwealth: Cromwell was given an elaborate funeral in the abbey, only to be disinterred in January 1661. Wren began the work of restoring the fabric of the abbey after years of neglect but not until 1745 were the western towers completed, to the design of Nicholas Hawksmoor. Among the host of memorials, the most moving is that which commemorates the dead of the Great War, a brass to a ‘British warrior, unknown by name or rank’.

Subjects: Christianity — British history.

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