Westwerk in German, i.e. massive, wide, tower-like west front of an early Romanesque or Carolingian church containing an entrance-vestibule with a chapel and other rooms over it opening to the upper part of the nave. A good surviving example is the Abbey Church of Corvey-on-the-Weser, Germany (873–5), with its low entrance-hall with massive piers and circular columns carrying the vaults over which is a two-storey upper church surrounded by arcades and aisles.
Conant (1979);Cruickshank (ed.) (1996);Jane Turner (1996);D Watkin (1986)