James Robert White

(1879—1946) army officer and revolutionary socialist

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Boer War

James Connolly (1868—1916) socialist and Irish revolutionary

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(1879–1946). Born near Ballymena, Co. Antrim, the son of Field Marshal Sir George White, VC, he was educated at Winchester and Sandhurst, and won the DSO during the Boer War. Reacting against his background, he took labouring jobs in North America and England. An anarchist, associated with Connolly and Larkin during the Dublin lockout, White largely established and drilled the Irish Citizen Army, later calling it ‘the first Red Army’. He joined an ambulance unit in France in 1914. He was charged with urging Welsh miners to strike against the executions following the rising of 1916. He was later arrested during the 1932 Outdoor Relief Protests in Belfast.

From The Oxford Companion to Irish History in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: European History.

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