As a royal residence lasted some 150 years. It began life as the London residence of the archbishops of York and was called York Place. Wolsey spent lavishly on it and, on his fall in 1529, it was seized by Henry VIII, who had lost the greater part of Westminster palace by fire in 1512. James I resolved to build a fitting reception hall. His first attempt was burned down in 1619, but the second, the Banqueting House, designed by Inigo Jones, was finished by 1622. A disastrous fire in 1698, which left only the Banqueting House standing, provided the opportunity to abandon a palace that was too sprawling, public, and inconvenient. By the 18th cent. it was being taken over for government offices.
Subjects: British History.