White Russians

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White Russian

White Russians

White Russians

The White Russian Army in Exile 1920-1941

Reinterpreting Revolutionary Russia: Essays in Honour of James D. White

The White Russian Army in Exile, 1920–1941

Collusion: how Russia helped Trump win the White House

Estimated pup production of harp seals Pagophilus groenlandicus in the White Sea, Russia, in 2000

The Knot. Written and directed by Aleksandr Sokurov; produced by Svetlana Voloshina. 1998; 90 min.; color and black & white. Russian. Distributor: Film Studio Nadezhda, St. Petersburg, for ORT (Russian Public Television)

Adam Daniel Rotfeld and Anatoly V. Torkunov, editors. White Spots—Black Spots: Difficult Matters in Polish-Russian Relations, 1918–2008.

Tractor Factory Facts: Margaret Bourke-White's Eyes on Russia and the Romance of Industry in the Five-Year Plan

Magmatic Evolution of the Melilitite–Carbonatite–Nephelinite Dyke Series of the Turiy Peninsula (Kandalaksha Bay, White Sea, Russia)

Paul Robinson. The White Russian Army in Exile 1920–1941. New York: Clarendon Press of Oxford University Press. 2002. Pp. vii, 257. $70.00

Convention for the Suppression of the White Slave Traffic between Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Russia, Spain and Sweden, signed at Paris, 4 May 1910

International Agreement for the Suppression of the White Slave Traffic between Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Brazil, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Russia, Spain, Sweden and Norway and Switzerland, signed at Paris, 18 May 1903

Michael Kellogg. The Russian Roots of Nazism: White Émigrés and the Making of National Socialism, 1917–1945. (New Studies in European History.) New York: Cambridge University Press. 2005. Pp. xiii, 327. $75.00


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1 Those who fought against the Soviet Red Army in the Russian Civil War (1918–21). The name was derived from the royalist opponents of the French Revolution, known as Whites, because they adopted the white flag of the French Bourbon dynasty. The White Army, though smaller than the Red, was better equipped and had an abundance of Tsarist officers, some of whom offered to serve as ordinary soldiers. Its two main bases were in the south, where the army was successively led by Kornilov, Denikin, and Wrangel, and in Siberia where Kolchak was nominally head of a provisional government at Omsk. The White Russians were ultimately defeated by their own internal quarrels and by their refusal to grant land reforms in the areas under their control.

2 Citizens of the Republic of Belarus.

Subjects: World History.

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