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Is the system of industrial relations that has been dominant in the public sector since the report of the Whitley Commission at the end of the First World War. Whitleyism is characterized by joint negotiation and consultative committees at national, regional, and local levels, with terms and conditions of employment being set through highly prescriptive national agreements. The system was first established for the civil service and school teachers and then extended subsequently to local government and the National Health Service. The restructuring of the public services since 1980 has led to substantial erosion of Whitleyism. In some cases, joint negotiation has given way to pay determination through Pay Review Bodies (e.g. nurses, teachers) and in others, there has been devolution of bargaining to individual service agencies (e.g. civil service). However, elements of the system continue to survive in local government and the health service. [See Joint Industrial Council.]

Subjects: Human Resource Management.

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