(b 1879; d Vienna, 1 Jan 1944). German baritone. He made his début at Elberfeld in 1904 and sang at Brno and Hamburg until 1914; in 1912 he took part in the première of Ferruccio Busoni's Die Brautwahl in Hamburg. He was a member of the Vienna Hofoper from 1916 (singing in the German-language première of Jenůfa in 1918) and appeared at Salzburg until 1941, notably as Faninal, and as Beckmesser in the performances of Die Meistersinger conducted by Arturo Toscanini in 1937. At Zoppot (now Sopot), Buenos Aires, Munich and the Berlin Hofoper he was successful as Guglielmo and Alberich, and in Italian opera. His only Covent Garden appearances were in 1913 as Faninal, in the London première of Der Rosenkavalier, and in 1938 as Beckmesser.
From The Grove Book of Opera Singers in Oxford Reference.