(1605–1676) colonial soldier, magistrate, and fur trader. Born in England, Simon Willard arrived in Boston in 1634. Because of his military training he was given special responsibilities by the Puritans. He drilled militia and set up a number of garrison towns while expanding his own fur trade with the Indians. He devoted much time to public service in the towns he founded and on the frontier, including leading expeditions against the Indians. His most demanding test came during King Philip's War, an Indian uprising in 1675. Willard tried to defend the long frontier throughout the winter and spring against attacks from west and north, patrolling with militia and shoring up garrison houses. Many settlements were burned before the Indians were defeated. His demanding duties eventually wore Willard out, and he died from exhaustion.
From The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Warfare and Defence.