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A common sport injury resulting from an abdominal blow causing a neurogenic shock due to overstimulation of the solar plexus. Typically, the winded person doubles up and has difficulty breathing because of a momentary paralysis of the diaphragm and spasm of the abdominal muscles. Drawing the sufferer's knees up to the abdomen is a popular treatment that may relax the abdominal muscles and assist return to normality, but even without special treatment the person usually recovers with no residual symptoms. Persistence of symptoms may indicate serious internal injury requiring expert medical attention.

Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.

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