Windover, Florida, USA

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Middle Archaic Stage burial ground dating to the period 5000–6000 bc, in a peat bog near Cape Canaveral. The site, which had remarkable preservation because of the waterlogged conditions, was excavated by G. Doran in 1982. The burials were flexed. Seven types of woven textiles, probably of palmetto fibre, have been identified, including blankets, mats, and a bag deposited with the deceased. One 12‐year‐old was buried with a range of grave goods, including a stone biface, bone awls, a shark's tooth, and barbed bone points. A bottle gourd was recovered from one grave, the earliest example known in North America. Preserved brains were found in over 80 of the bodies; these are currently the subject of detailed investigations and DNA analysis.


R. C. Brown, 1994, Florida's first people: 12 000 years of human history. Sarasota, FL: Pineapple Press

Subjects: Archaeology.

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