house of Windsor

Related Overviews

George V (1865—1936) king of Great Britain, Ireland, and the British dominions beyond the seas, and emperor of India

electress of Hanover Sophia (1630—1714) electress of Hanover, consort of Ernst August

Alexandra (1844—1925) queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the British dominions beyond the seas, and empress of India, consort of Edward VII.



More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • British History


Show Summary Details

Quick Reference

The Hanoverians, who were summoned in 1714 as the nearest protestant heirs, were related to the Stuarts and previous British dynasties through Sophia, electress of Hanover, mother of George I and granddaughter of James VI and I. The original family name was Guelph. They were often known as the Brunswick line since the correct name for Hanover was first Brunswick‐Calenberg‐Gottingen and then Brunswick‐Luneburg. The first six rulers, up to Edward VII, married Germans.

When war broke out in 1914 the German antecedents of the royal family were an embarrassment. Prince Louis Battenburg, 1st sea lord, was obliged to resign his post. In 1917 as a gesture of identification with the nation, George V declared that the family would be known in future as Windsor. The new image was perfect and well received, save for some ribaldry from the kaiser. Various alternatives had been mooted. Tudor was rejected because of the image of Henry VIII, FitzRoy as smacking of bastardy, Plantagenet as unintelligible, and Stuart as dispiriting.

Subjects: British History.

Reference entries

See all related reference entries in Oxford Index »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.